Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology


The Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology was started since the inception of the college in 1955 with Dr. B. Hari Prasad Sharma as founder Head of the Department. It was merged in 1964 with the department of Physiology when the college was made a constituent unit of A.P. Agricultural University. It was bifurcated and the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology was re-born in October 1975.The Department since then made a phenomenal progress in all the areas of teaching, research and extension activities. At present the department is headed by Dr. K. Adilaxmamma Professor and assisted by Dr. Y. Muralidhar, Assistant Professor and part time teacher Dr. Ravindrakumar Ninaji Surwade.

  1. To prepare and evaluate herbal/ayurvedic formulations and phytogenic nanoparticles for the treatment of bacterial, viral and metabolic diseases of livestock and poultry.
  2. To provide material/services for the production of chemical residue free animal produce
  • Imparting education in Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology to undergraduate and postgraduate students.
  • Offering drug information services, Toxicology information services to the needy veterinarians and farmers.

All infrastructural facilities are available for U.G. Practical’s as mentioned in VCI minimum requirements.

The following instruments are available for assessing drugs acting on C.N.S.

  • Hotplate apparatus
  • Rota-rod apparatus
  • Pole climbing apparatus

The following instruments are also available for assessing the pharmaceutical quality control of drugs

  • Tablet friability test apparatus
  • Tablet hardness tester
  • Tablet disintegration test apparatus
  • Tablet dissolution test apparatus

Further, Computer Aided Learning (CAL) is also being used for teaching experimental pharmacology to U.G. Students

The department has all the required facilities for the conduct of P.G. practicals as well as research work.

The following infrastructural facilities are available:

  • V. Double beam spectrophotometer
  • Laminar Flow – Vertical type.
  • Rotary evaporator.
  • Micropipettes of various sizes.
  • Bacteriological Incubator
  • Autoclave – Vertical
  • CO2 Incubator
  • Probe Sonicator
  • Inverted Microscope
  • Homogenizer
  • Micro centrifuge.
  • Water bath.
  • Rotary shaker.
  • Magnetic stirrer – Hot plate.
  • Vortex shaker.
  • Soxhlet extraction apparatus.
  • Laboratory blender.
  • Digital vernier calipers.
  • TLC apparatus.
  • Plethysmometer(UGO, Basile, Italy)
  • Egg Incubator
  • Vertical mini gel electrophoresis
  • Colony Counter
  • Deep freezer (-20oC)
Current Focus
  • Establishment and maintenance of Instructional herbal garden and utilization of herbs for PG research.
  • Screening of plant extracts for antibacterial, antiviral, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory and anti-arthritic properties.
  • Preparation and evaluation of herbal formulations including herbal mediated nanoparticles for the treatment of bacterial, viral and metabolic diseases of livestock and poultry.
  • Evaluating indigenous cow urine distillate for its bio-enhancing properties of antibiotics.
  • Offering Drug information and Toxicological Guidance to Veterinarians.